You can watch a video summarising the rationale, the discovery and the prospects of this work here.
A collaborative work between Diego Ayala lab at the IRD (France) and CIRMF (Gabon) and our lab has led to the discovery of a new species in the Anopheles complex: Anopheles fontenillei. the new species has been an active actor in An. gambiae-An. coluzzii evolution, through the exchange of genes involved in vectorial capacity. These introgression events bring new questions about how local populations of An. gambiae and An. coluzzii, the major malaria vectors, have been affected. Indeed, adaptation to rainforest habitats, host preference or resting behaviour could have been modified at La Lopé (Gabon) where Anopheles fontenillei was discovered.